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Antonov AN-12


Designer: Research and Design Bureau named after Antonov
Country: Ukraine
First flight: 19
57 year
Type: Tactical
military transport aircraft

 

 

 










The tactical military transport aircraft An-12 is intended for transportation of cargo and technical equipment weighing up to 20 tons and up to 90 cubic meters on lines of small and average extent.

An-12 aircraft in civil performance passed the airworthiness standards of aircrafts, applicable by IKAO and certified and approved in the demilitarized execution for operation in civil aviation.

The aircraft is executed according to the high wing scheme with four fan engines
АI-20 М takeoff power on 4250 h.p.

The flight control equipment installed on the aircraft, provides compliance to modern IKAO requirements.

The aircraft crew consists of five people of the aircrew: captain, co-pilot, navigator, flight engineer and flight radio operator. If necessary - two persons of the operation technical staff and operator of cargo compartment.

In the fuselage bow there is the crew cabin, in the other part there is the unpressurised
cargo compartment.

The cargo compartment has the dimensions optimized by the sizes of the main stream of transported freights, and allows to transport freights in containers and bunched on rigid pallets, non-standard (bales, barrels, etc.) freights, and also nonself-propelled and self-propelled wheel equipment.

There is applied on the aircraft the complex of the transport equipment which includes: upper onboard cargo-loading device with loading capacity up to 2500 kg, the rope cargo-loading device for rolling by pushback tug the not self-propelled wheel equipment, the mooring equipment.

Loading and unloading of freights in containers and packetize on pallets can be made from the ramp extension by means of the upper onboard cargo-loading device.

By means of the upper onboard cargo-loading device it is also made loading and unloading of non-standard freights of weighing up to 2500 kg. Loading and unloading of self-propelled equipment is made under the own steam, and not self-propelled wheel equipment - by means of the pushback tug and the cable assembly.

The big thrust/weight ratio, existence on the aircraft auxiliary power unit (APU) for on-board starting of engines and onboard mechanic means of loading-unloading operations, the high engines' location and landing gear design with tires of low pressure are provide the self-sufficient aircraft operation as from surfaced airfields (artificial runway), and from unpaved, beachy, ice and snow-covered (ice flight strip).

Modern radio coherent and flight control equipment established on the aircraft provides the aircraft flights in all geographical areas, over earth and water surfaces, in simple and difficult weather conditions, day and night with high accuracy of the automatic aircraft navigation on the route and landing at the meteorological minima corresponding to 1 category IKAO (60
х800 m).

 

 

Aircraft performance characteristics:

 

Modification An-12

Wing span, m 38.00

Aircraft length, m 33.10

Aircraft height, m 10.53

Wing size, sq.m 121.7

Weight, kg

empty aircraft 34000

maximum take-off 61000

Internal fuel, l 21500

Engine type 4 АI-20М

Power, h.p. 4 x 4250

Maximum speed, km/h 650

Сourse speed, km/h 550

Operational range, km 4500

Service ceiling, m 10000

Crew, person 5+3

Useful load: 5000 kg at distance to 4500 km

10000 kg at distance to 3500 km

15000 kg at distance to 2000 km

20000 kg at distance to 700 km